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The completed rubber mold, a "negative" version of the artist's "positive" original, becomes the new master from which all copies in an edition are made.
The next step creates the second "positive" in the process: a wax duplicate of the artist's original.
Greek artists including Phidias, Myron, and Polykleitos are credited with producing figurative bronze sculptures, many of which are now lost.
Recognized bronze works from the Renaissance include Lorenzo Ghiberti’s “Gates of Paradise” on the door of the Florence Baptistry and Donatello’s infamous “David” (1440).
China’s Shang Dynasty is known for using the lost-wax casting technique and section molding to create larger statues.
In these ancient Asian cultures, bronze was often used to produce small votive statues and ritual vessels, but the ancient Greeks were the first to produce full-sized figures.
Artists start by crafting a model of their sculpture in clay and mold wax on top of it. When the wax melts away, they can add molten bronze in between the layers of clay.
Finishing touches are applied to bronze sculptures after they are polished.Auguste Rodin is known for bringing an Impressionist touch to the medium, crafting works like “The Thinker” (1902) and “The Three Shades” (1886).Many copies of his works now reside as bronze garden sculptures.Bronze sculpture is a natural alternative for a pottery artist as they are accomplished in the art of clay form.The world history of bronze is steeped in the practices of several ancient civilizations including Mesopotamia, Egypt, China, India, Greece, and Rome.
2/10 means that this piece is the second casting in a total edition of ten.) is attached to provide a path for the liquid metal, and for air to escape, assuring an even flow of metal to all parts of the mold during the pouring (Figures 4, 5).