Dating ethiopian crosses
There was considerable destruction of churches and their contents in the 16th century when the country was invaded by Muslim neighbours.The revival of art after this was influenced by Catholic European art in both iconography and elements of style, but retained its Ethiopian character.The "pre-Axumite" Iron Age culture of about the 5th century BCE to the 1st century CE was influenced by the Kingdom of Kush to the north, and settlers from Arabia, and produced cities with simple temples in stone, such as the ruined one at Yeha, which is impressive for its date in the 4th or 5th century BCE.The powerful Kingdom of Aksum emerged in the 1st century BCE and dominated Ethiopia until the 10th century, having become very largely Christian from the 4th century.The heads are typically flat cast plates with elaborate and complex openwork decoration.The cross motif emerges from the decoration, with the whole design often forming a rotated square or circular shape, though the designs are highly varied and inventive.is highly distinctive, though the style and iconography are closely related to the simplified Coptic version of Late Antique and Byzantine Christian art.It is typified by simplistic, almost cartoonish, figures with large, almond-shaped, eyes. The majority of paintings are religious in nature, often decorating church walls and bibles.
However the earliest works remaining show a clear continuity with Coptic art of earlier periods.
Secondly there are popular arts and crafts such as textiles, basketry and jewellery, in which Ethiopian traditions are closer to those of other peoples in the region.
Its history goes back almost three thousand years to the kingdom of D'mt.
In the 20th century, Western artists and architects began to be commissioned by the government, and to train local students, and more fully Westernized art was produced alongside continuations of traditional church art.
However, paintings in illuminated manuscripts predate the earliest surviving church paintings; for instance, the Ethiopian Garima Gospels of the 4th-6th centuries AD contain illuminated scenes imitating the contemporary Byzantine style.
Many incorporate curved motifs rising from the base, which are called the "arms of Adam".