Lactation dating relationship
This prolactin release stimulates the mammary glands to produce new milk before the next feeding. The extent of prolactin release (and, consequently, the amount of milk produced) is determined by the intensity of the suckling. Furthermore, some of the alcohol consumed by a lactating woman is transferred to her milk and thus consumed by the infant.This alcohol consumption may adversely affect the infant s sleep and gross motor development and influence early learning about alcohol.
Alcohol is not stored in breast milk, however, but its level parallels that found in the maternal blood. This research was supported by National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism grant AA 09523 and the Office of Research on Women s Health. , is a member of the Monell Chemical Senses Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.Although pregnant women are discouraged from drinking alcohol because of alcohol' s detrimental effect on fetal development, the lore of many cultures encourages lactating women to drink alcohol to optimize breast milk production and infant nutrition.In contrast to this folklore, however, studies demonstrate that maternal alcohol consumption may slightly reduce milk production.
Epidemiological studies found that although lactating women were less likely to report occasional binges of heavy drinking, the regular drinking patterns at 1 and 3 months after giving birth ( i. , postpartum) did not differ significantly between women who elected to breastfeed and women who never breastfed ( Little et al. In contrast, breast-feeding women limited their use of other drugs ( e. , were less likely to smoke cigarettes or marijuana or to use cocaine) . Effects of chronic ethanol consumption on lactational performance in the rat: Mammary gland and milk composition and pups growth and metabolism. Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior 27: 333 339, 1987. Each issue addresses a specific topic in alcohol research and summarizes critical findings in a brief, four-page, easy-to-read format.